5 Signs of Gum Disease and How to Treat It
Gum Disease also known as Periodontal disease is very common and affects most of the people. Let’s look at the most common signs of this disease:
- When somebody starts losing teeth, without any kind of force or impact.
- When the colour of the gum changes and they become red and tender.
- Gums bleed during or after brushing.
- Permanent bad breath that does not go away
- Gums pulling away from the teeth.
Gingivitis vs. Periodontitis
Gingivitis is a non-serious disease that causes irritation, redness and inflammation in the gums. It is mostly caused by poor oral hygiene. One should practice good oral hygiene like regular dental check-ups, brushing twice a day, regular flossing and use of mouthwash. This can prevent and reverse gingivitis.
Periodontitis is a rather advanced stage of gum disease where the gums are majorly infected and the disease can damage the jaw bones and the gums permanently. Periodontitis cannot be reversed. It is a chronic infection, which damages the gingiva, ligaments, soft tissues around the teeth and the underlying alveolar bone. This can also lead to permanent loss of teeth.
What Causes Gum Disease?
When the Food and plaque get trapped in the space known as sulcus, it can cause a gum infection or gingivitis. Plaque is a thin film of bacteria, which forms on the surface of the teeth. As plaque grows, it hardens and becomes tartar. This is how an infection develops when plaque extends below the gum line.
How to Prevent Gum Disease?
This can be prevented by proper brushing and flossing. One should use an antibacterial toothpaste or mouth rinse, that can kill bacteria and reduce the amount of plaque in the mouth. Removing dental plaque is an extremely crucial part of preventing gum disease and improved mouth health.
Its best to treat Gum diseases early
By scheduling regular check-ups at least twice a year can detect an early stage gum disease, which can be treated before it leads to a much more serious condition. The only way to remove hardened plaque is through professional cleaning by a dentist.